Seven Principles of Art Organization
In visual art, there are basic principles that artists employ to aid in the creation of unique and dynamic imagery. These principles are often used in varying combinations to achieve differing results. In time, these principles become second nature and are employed in a nearly unconscious manner. They are:
Harmony: The pleasing quality achieved by different elements of a composition interacting to form a whole. Often accomplished through repetition of same/similar forms.
Variety: Differences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating or diversifying elements in a composition to add individualized interest. (*in contrast to harmony)
Balance: Sense of equilibrium achieved through implied weight, attention or attraction by manipulating visual elements within the composition.
Proportion: Comparative scale relationship between differing elements within a composition. For example: the size a hand in relation to a head.
Dominance: When certain elements are more important than others in a composition.
Movement: The directing of eye movement in a composition using varying elements.
Economy: Adjustment of the composition to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation, most often associated with abstraction.
Materials: sketchbook, graphite pencils or charcoal pencils, your 10 thumbnail sketches
Purpose of Assignment: This assignment is designed to familiarize you with the basic principles of visual organization. You should be able to describe these terms in comparison to one another and be able to LABEL YOUR 10 THUMBNAIL SKETCHES (See Example Below). Throughout the rest of the semester we will be continually referring to these principles in critiques and one on one discussion of your work
Principles of Design PRESENTATION